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maseczki medyczne A medical mask, also referred to as an oral or facial mask, is supposed to be worn by medical professionals in healthcare settings.  It's designed to prevent inhalation of bacteria and droplets in the air by capturing airborne bacteria which are shed in the mouth and nostrils of the wearer and capturing them in a protective covering.


There are many different forms of health masks available and are used by a variety of medical professionals.  Some of the common applications for medical masks include providing protection to the respiratory system and eyes from infectious disease and minimizing exposure to contaminated equipment.  Other applications include protecting the respiratory system from chemical pollutants and irritants, reducing exposure to harmful agents, preventing damage to the eyes, skin, and nasal cavities and helping to protect the skin from burns and abrasions.


The many different materials used to make medical masks range from latex to silicon.  Latex masks have long been a preferred material by many medical professionals for their ability to resist bacteria and other contaminants while maintaining adequate ventilation.  However, while they are resistant to infections and contaminants, latex masks can deteriorate and may not provide sufficient ventilation or are too thin.  While they are stronger than many other kinds of medical mask materials, they are not ideal for extended periods of use.


Polystyrene, also known as Styrofoam or High-Density Silicon, is a fairly new type of health mask material.  This type of mask is like a plastic container, which is usually produced from a high density foam which has an airtight seal when filled with medical waste and placed within the hospital.


Styrofoam is normally thick enough to prevent bacteria from entering the patient's respiratory system and is designed in such a way that air can be pumped through the mask quickly.  Because it’s not thick, it’s also able to move around freely, keeping the nose clean and the mouth dry and avoiding contamination from the individual 's sneezing, coughing or breathing deeply.  They are more expensive than other medical mask materials but have proven to be an effective choice for hospital employees.


Silicone is a natural product and therefore will not degrade over time like other materials.  It has a water-resistant covering and can be easily molded into any shape or form, making it very versatile.   However, it's not as readily cleaned as other materials and requires frequent replacement or professional cleaning.


Since these masks are designed for use by healthcare workers, they should be cleaned and disinfected on a regular basis to keep the patient and staff protected.  This should be done by a trained professional using antibacterial solutions, which is usually included in any equipment purchased by the hospital or medical facility.


Cleaning is simple since the substances are nonporous and there are no chemicals used to clean them.   In cases of excessive wear, such as in the case of prolonged hospital work hours, it's important to clean the mask often to avoid contamination and ensure a new infection-free environment.


To disinfect the mask, sanitizer solutions should be poured into a spray bottle and allowed to soak in the foam.  The solution should then be allowed to sit for 30 minutes, so it doesn't soak in the mask but rather to the skin beneath.  After the sanitizer was applied, it’s important to rinse off the mask completely with clean water to remove any residual sanitizer.


Cleaning masks at the hospital can be a pain for the staff members, but if done properly can prevent infections and reduce costs by protecting the employees and patients from contaminants that could infect them.  Even a very simple solution of one cup of bleach diluted in two quarts of water is sufficient to purge and sterilize the mask, preventing it from spreading germs and possibly causing a severe infection.


Although sanitizing is very important other than the obvious reason of avoiding contamination, the mask itself may also need sanitizing to eliminate food, drink or other material that can get into the air during use.  By way of example, if there are individuals who are in and out of the room during the course of the day, the mask can often become contaminated during their usage.  Cleaning this area of the mask using a bleach solution gives a clean-air space that prevents contamination and allows the air to flow freely.  Bleach solutions can also be used to sanitize tools and instruments in the room, in addition to clean up droppings from patients and staff.


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